heart and valves 

Mountain States Cardiology
Fat Food Groups & Cholesterol

One of the most important changes you can make is learning to select and prepare foods with little or no fat or oil.

Food Group Recommend Use Sparingly Avoid

Meat, Poultry, Fish, Eggs and Nuts
(up to 8 ounces of meat,poultry, fish per day) 

Lean cuts of meat, chicken and turkey without skin; all varieties of fish; egg whites and egg substitutes


Goose, duck and nuts. Limit egg yolks to 2 per week and limit red meats to 4 or fewer servings per week (4 ounces per serving), 97% fat-free luncheon meat

Processed meats; bacon, hot dogs, sausage, hamhocks and bologna; prebreaded or fried items; organ meats; liver, kidney and heart


Milk Products
(2 or more servings per day; 3-4 for pregnant or breast feeding women)

Skim, 1/2% and 1% milk and milk products; nonfat dairy products: dry milk, low-fat yogurt, frozen yogurt, ice milk, 1% cottage cheese, fat-free cheeses, fat-free sour cream and sherbet

"Light" cream cheese and "light" sour cream, buttermilk, 2% cheese and reduced-fat cheese

Whole and 2% milk, condened sweetened milk, regular evaporated milk and sour cream; hard cheese: Swiss, American, cheddar; ice cream, whipping cream and cream


Fats and Oils
(small amount)


Canola, olive, corn, peanut, safflower, sunflower, soybean, cottonseed and sesame oils; fat-free spray butter, fat-free mayonnaise and fat-free salad dressings

Light salad dressings, light mayonnaise, avocados, olives, light and soft margarine

Butter, lard and salt pork; coconut, palm and palm kernel oils; hydrogenated margarines and shortenings; saturated fat, bacon fat and trans fats; regular salad dressings; regular mayonnaise


Fruits and Vegetables
(5 PLUS servings per day)

All varieties: fresh, frozen, dried; canned fruits without sugar; canned vegetables with no salt added

Canned fruit in heavy syrup

Coconut; vegetables prepared in butter, cream or sauce


Meat Alternatives

Dried beans and peas: kidney, lima, soy, pinto, navy, black,  peas, chickpeas, black-eyed, lentils and vegetarian-cooked beans; tofu and soy-based foods

Nuts and seeds, unsalted, dry roasted: peanuts, walnuts, pecans, macadamia, almonds, sunflower and pumpkin seeds; peanut and soy butters canned; beans, vegetables and soups

Those prepared with meat fat

Breads, Cereals, Pasta, Rice and Beans
(6-11 servings per day)

Whole-grain breads, crackers and cereals; pasta, rice, dried peas and beans; plain baked potato, English muffins; bagels; pita, oatmeal, rye, pumpernickel

Frozen waffles or pancakes, granolatype cereals, and oat bran cereals made with coconut oil, restaurant bread or rolls

Biscuits, croissants, pastries; crackers made with saturated oils; egg noodles; egg and cheese breads; muffins, doughnuts. Products with lard, butter, beef fat, palm oil, coconut oil and hydrogenated vegetable oils.


(in very limited amounts)

Angel food cake, low-fat frozen yogurt, sherbet, sorbet, jello; fresh and canned fruit without sugar; graham and animal crackers; fig bars, fruit juices, cocoa powder, popcorn and pretzels

Fruit cobblers, homemade cakes, cookies and pies prepared with unsaturated oils, light ice cream

Ice cream; fried foods: potato chips, corn chips, cheese curls; chocolate; buttered popcorn; pies, cakes, cookies and snack cakes



Vinegar, mustard, herbs, spices, ketchup; fresh garlic or ginger; garlic and onion powders; Italian seasoning and Mrs. Dash