heart and valves 

Mountain States Cardiology
What Can I Do To Prevent a
Heart Attack?

prevent heart attack

  • cardio nursesQuit smoking. If you smoke, stop, and if you don’t smoke, don’t start.
  • Eat healthy. Cut back on foods high in fat and sodium, which will aid you in lowering your cholesterol and blood pressure.
  • Control your diabetes.
  • Lose weight if you are overweight.
  • Control your blood pressure if you have hypertension. 

Cardiac Rehabilitation

Your doctor may recommend outpatient cardiac rehab.  Cardiac rehab includes exercise and education to help you build strength and learn how to reduce risk factors that may cause heart problems in the future.  We offer cardiac rehab programs close to your home focusing on risk factor modification.  Each location includes a variety of exercise equipment, weights and education under the supervision of cardiac nurses, exercise physiologists and physicians.

We look forward to working with you.  You do have a choice in your continued recovery after your heart attack or cardiac intervention.  Please call 423-431-5974 for more information.  We will be happy to check your insurance coverage prior to enrollment.


Exercise reduces stress, improves cholesterol levels, helps you lose weight, lowers blood pressure and is a powerful tool in controlling heart failure. It is important to follow your physician’s advice about how much exercise is right for you. Choose an exercise you like and can do year-round. Generally walking, bicycling and swimming are good forms of exercise. Always start exercise with a warm-up, 5 to 10 minutes of stretching or slow walking.

  • Wait 1-2 hours after a meal to begin exercising.
  • Always start exercise with a warm-up, 5 to 10 minutes of stretching or slow walking.
  • Your doctor or nurse can help you calculate your target heart rate.
  • Exercise at your target heart rate. Your target heart rate is how fast your heart should beat during exercise.
  • After exercise, cool down by walking slowly for at least 5 minutes.

Temperature Extremes

  • Avoid exercising in very hot or very cold temperatures. Avoid activity outdoors when temperatures are below 32 degrees Fahrenheit and above 80 degrees.
  • During the summer when it is hot and humid, walk early in the morning or late in the day if you are walking outside. Avoid extreme temperatures such as steam baths, saunas, spas and whirlpools until your doctor advises you otherwise.
  • Don’t exercise when you are ill or have a fever.
  • Use the "talk test" while you are exercising. If you are breathing so hard you have difficulty talking, SLOW DOWN.

When to Stop Exercising

Stop exercising if you have any of these problems:

  • Angina (chest pain)
  • Severe or unusual fatigue
  • Irregular or rapid heartbeat
  • Shortness of breath
  • Nausea