Changes Caused by Stroke

Most common effects of stroke:

Remember the following:

In most cases the patient does get better. The effects of a stroke are greatest immediately after the stroke occurs. From then on, the patient may start to get better. How fast and how much improvement is made depends on the extent of the brain injury and the success of rehabilitation.

How you move, feel, think and behave are controlled by the brain. Brain injury from a stroke may affect any of these abilities. You may experience some of these effects of stroke:

  • Hemiparesis - weakness on one side of the body
  • Hemiplegia - paralysis on one side of the body
  • One-sided neglect - a result of hemiparesis or hemiplegia, motor impairment and loss of sensation on one side of the body often causes stroke survivors to ignore or forget the affected side
  • Aphasia - difficulty with speech and language
  • Dysphagia - trouble swallowing
  • Decreased field of vision and trouble with visual perception
  • Loss of emotional control and changes in mood
  • Cognitive changes - problems with memory, judgment, problem solving or a combination of these
  • Behavior changes - personality changes, improper language or actions
  • You must follow your doctor's instructions
  • Have regular blood tests to determine how the medicine is working
  • Never take aspirin with anticoagulants unless ordered by your doctor
  • Tell other healthcare providers that you are taking anticoagulants
  • Always check with your doctor before taking other medications or food supplements, such as aspirin, vitamins, cold medicine, sleeping pills or antibiotics. These can alter the effectiveness and safety of anticoagulants by strengthening or weakening them
  • Discuss your diet with a healthcare professional
  • Tell your family how you take anticoagulant medicine and carry your emergency medical ID card with you
Common emotional effects of stroke: Tell your doctor if:
  • Depression
  • Apathy and lack of motivation
  • Tiredness
  • Frustration, anger and sadness
  • Reflex crying (emotions may change rapidly and not match the mood)
  • Denial of the changes caused by the brain injury
  • Your urine turns pink or red
  • Your stools turn red, dark brown or black
  • You bleed more than usual when you have your period
  • Your gums bleed
  • You have a very bad headache or stomach pain that doesn't go away
  • You get sick or weak, faint or dizzy
  • You think you are pregnant
  • You often find bruises or blood blisters
  • You have an accident of any kind