Stroke Risk Factors

A risk factor is a characteristic or behavior that increases your risk for stroke.

Stroke risk factors fall into 2 categories:

  1. Those you can modify, treat or control with your doctor's help.
  2. Those you cannot control.



 Risk factors you cannot change:

Risk factors you and your healthcare provider can change, treat or control:
  • Increasing age
  • Sex (gender)
  • Heredity and race
  • Prior stroke
    • High blood pressure
    • Tobacco use
    • Diabetes mellitus
    • Carotid or other artery disease
    • Atrial fibrillation
    • Other heart disease
    • High blood cholesterol
    • Poor diet
    • Physical inactivity and obesity
    • Alcohol
    • Drug abuse
    • Sickle cell disease