(Transient Ischemic Attack)

The symptoms of TIA are the same as for stroke.  The symptoms vary depending on which part of the brain is affected.

  • Sudden weakness or numbness of the face, arm or leg usually on one side of the body

  • Sudden confusion, trouble speaking or understanding

  • Sudden trouble seeing in one or both eyes

  • Sudden trouble walking, dizziness, or problems with balance or coordination




 A TIA is also referred to as a "mini stroke." A TIA occurs when a blood clot blocks blood flow and part of the brain does not get the oxygen it needs. TIAs are brief episodes of stroke-like symptoms that last from a few minutes to 24 hours and then the blood flow is restored. TIAs do not cause permanent disability. However, they can be serious warning signs of an impending stroke. Approximately one-third of people who have a TIA are expected to have a stroke. Most of these will occur in the first few days to weeks after the TIA. It is very important to recognize the warning signs/symptoms of a TIA or stroke. TIAs, strokes and recurrent strokes can be prevented through lifestyle changes, surgery, medication or a mixture of all three. 

There are many medicines that help prevent blood clots from forming, reducing the risk of full-blown stroke:

Aspirin - the least expensive and most common of these medicines

Aggrenox®- a combination of aspirin and extended-release dipyridamole

Clopidogrel (Plavix®)

Warfarin (CoumadinTM)- commonly prescribed to prevent clots from forming in patients with atrial fibrillation

Statins used for treatment of high cholesterol and blood pressure control may also reduce stroke risk.