can increase your ability to conceive by having sex during the
fertile time in your cycle, ovulation, by not using protection,
and by keeping in top shape during conception, including exercise
and healthy nutrition. This goes for both you and your partner.
Some of the risks associated with the potential for infertility
in women include:
- Very low or excessive body fat
- Prescription medications
- Chronic diseases such as diabetes, thyroid conditions, lupus,
- Hormonal imbalance
- Unpredictable menstrual cycle
- Multiple miscarriages
Risk factors for men and women include:
- More than moderate amount of alcohol consumption
- Marijuana use
- Workplace or environmental toxins and hazards
- Exposure to high dosages of radiation
Male fertility is affected by the temperature surrounding the
scrotum, which can damage sperm if it is too hot. This can be controlled
by limiting hot tub use, restrictive underwear and tight jeans.
Both men and women can have their fertility affected by sexually
transmitted diseases (STD). STDs such as chlamydia and gonorrhea
can damage your reproductive system. STDs can lead to pelvic
inflammatory disease in women, which leads to complications such
as scarring, miscarriage, blocked tubes and ectopic pregnancies—all
factors in infertility.
Other conditions such as endometriosis, polycystic ovarian syndrome
and tubal diseases are risk factors for infertility. Some of these
problems can be controlled, and overcome.
A common risk associated with infertility is aging. Your fertility
will normally peak in your late twenties. After you reach 30, your
fertility begins to gradually decrease. After 35, most women are
generally at a higher risk for infertility.