best way to ensure you get pregnant is to be aware of the fertile
time of your menstrual cycle, and have sex during this time, every
month. Some women use a combination of body temperature monitoring,
mucus examination and the calendar to predict it.
A woman is fertile from 4 to 5 days before ovulation until 24
hours after ovulation. However, the most fertile time is the day
before and the day of ovulation. A sperm can survive after ejaculation
for 72 hours and an egg can only be fertilized for up to 24 hours
after ovulation. Ovulation often occurs at the midpoint of the
menstrual cycle (days 13-15 of a 28-day cycle), but this is not
the case with women who have irregular cycles. The best bet is
to think that between the 10th and 17th day is when you will be
ovulating. Some subtle signs of ovulation include:
- A rise in basal body temperature (your temperature when your
body is resting)
- A change in vaginal mucus from thick and paste-like (non-fertile)
to clear and slippery like raw egg white (fertile)
- Mittelschmerz, a dull or sometimes sharp pain in the lower
abdomen or side
If you have irregular periods or a difficult time pinpointing
your ovulation, monitoring your basal temperature may help. You
can purchase a special BBT (basal body temperature) thermometer
and take your temperature every morning when you wake up to note
any changes. Usually, your BBT will be at its low point one day
before ovulation, and you’ll notice a rise within 24 hours
after ovulation. It’s best to take your BBT early in the
morning, when you’re still in bed because moving around will
increase your heart rate and your body temperature. Most women
keep the BBT thermometer on their nightstand for easy access.
Many women opt for the easier and more effective method of fertility
prediction found in the array of home ovulation predictor kits
available at pharmacies. These kits will help you keep track of
the changes in your menstrual cycle and guide you through conception.
Ovulation kits detect the luteinizing hormone present at the onset
of ovulation—an effective method for knowing when your ovulation
is about to start.
Click below to read about related topics.
Tips for Healthy Pre-Conception
Predicting Your Fertility
Problems with Conception