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Yeast Infection


Yeast Infection
Other names: Candidiasis, vulvovaginal candidiasis, candidal vaginitis, monilial vaginitis, monilial infection, vaginal yeast infection.

A yeast infection is a type of vaginal infection that most women will experience at least once. The infection is caused when normal yeast present in the vaginal area begins to overproduce.

The overproduction of yeast may be caused by a number of factors, including antibiotics, birth control pills, normal menstrual periods, tight-fitting clothes, synthetic underwear and poor hygiene. Other factors that may increase your likelihood of developing a yeast infection include diabetes, douching, the use of an IUD, pregnancy and the use of a scented feminine hygiene products. Symptoms of a yeast infection include:

  • A thick vaginal discharge
  • Itching in the vaginal area
  • Burning when urinating or having sex

Yeast infections are diagnosed based on a description of symptoms, a physical examination and a culture and pH check.

Although over-the-counter medications are available, most physicians prefer you come in for an exam since the symptoms may be caused by a condition more serious than a yeast infection. Your physician may recommend medications to treat the yeast infection.

Please note that this material is provided for informational purposes only and should not be considered medical advice or instruction. Consult your healthcare professional for advice relating to a medical problem or condition. (return to top)