are irrational fears associated with specific objects or situations
that are consistent. You can experience a phobia of spiders (arachnophobia),
social settings (social phobia) or even of public spaces and situations
(agoraphobia). Phobias are often triggered by isolated traumatic
events, but may also develop as part of a panic disorder or anxiety
disorder. People who experience a phobia often become overwhelmed
by the fear and completely avoid the cause. Phobias can be very
debilitating to a patient’s quality of life, and should be treated with
psychotherapy. Cognitive-behavioral therapy, particularly “exposure
therapy,” is a common treatment for phobias. Certain anti-anxiety
and anti-depression medications are used to treat phobias as well.
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Post Traumatic Stress Disorder