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Cholesterol Levels
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Cholesterol levels are usually measured every five years, with more frequent tests with previous abnormal results or a history of high cholesterol. Cholesterol is tested through a simple blood test that measures your total level of the “good” cholesterol (HDL) and the “bad” cholesterol (LDL). Cholesterol is fat carried in your blood by lipoproteins. LDL builds up in your artery walls while HDL carries cholesterol to your liver for disposal. If you have too much LDL, your arteries may become clogged with cholesterol, leading to atherosclerosis. The test is important to make sure you don’t have too much cholesterol in your blood, and that your risk for atherosclerosis, heart disease and stroke are limited. If you have high cholesterol, your provider will prescribe a low-cholesterol diet and medication for treatment.