insemination, also known as intrauterine insemination, is the process
of injecting a woman with carefully prepared sperm from her partner,
or sperm from a donor. Artificial insemination is used in cases
of unexplained infertility, or when a male has minimal amounts
present in his semen, or other sperm difficulties such as motility
issues, or genetic problems. Artificial insemination is used in
conjunction with ovulation drugs to optimize the chance for fertilization.
insemination should only be recommended after full tests have been
performed on the woman to check for any structural problems, infection
or hormonal imbalances that may affect fertilization and pregnancy.
involves monitoring ovulation through a test kit, ultrasound, or
blood tests, to identify the best time to inject the ovulation
drugs. The sperm may be applied directly into the uterus or to
the cervical opening and released with a catheter passed through
at ovulation. The procedure involved in insemination is relatively
quick and painless. It is performed in the doctor’s office,
without anesthesia, and you are free to leave after it is performed.
If the insemination involves donor sperm, the sample is tested
for any diseases and prepared at the sperm bank before it is sent
the doctor’s office for insemination. You should be aware
that often couples who decide on donor insemination have conflicting
about issues such as choosing a donor and whether to tell the child
conceived by the insemination.
If insemination is not successful,
it is administered again in the next reproductive cycle. Success
depends on many factors beyond
control, including the reason for infertility and the uterine
environment. Most couples who have successful insemination do so
first six cycles (6 months).